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Balinese Priest

Balinese PriestBalinese Priest are the most respected members of Balinese society and help guide the actions of the people to ensure the harmony of the Bali-Hindu universe.

The three basic levels are the high priests or pendanda, who is selected from the Brahman caste and performs the major rituals. Pemangku or temple priest (village Temple Priest), looks after the temple and leads holy rituals included in the Panca Yadnya.

The Pendandas, or high priest are of the Brahmana caste. They are not bound to specific temples and their primary task is the making of holy water for important temple festivals and directing the rituals of live and death. They use holy hand gestures called mudras and mantras for making holy water.

The second type of Balinese priest is Pemangku or temple priest. They are associated with one temple and concentrate and disperse holy water and preside over temple ceremonies.

Philosophy The Tattwa has five principal beliefs (Panca Srada):


  • Brahman - the belief in the existence of one almighty God head
  • Atman - the belief in the soul and the spirit
  • Samsara - the belief in reincarnation
  • Karma - the belief in the law of reciprocal actions (one gets back eventually what one gives out)
  • Moksha - the belief in the possibility of unity with the divine (Nirwana)

Etiquette and Morals

The Susila (etiquette) places emphasis on three major rules for behavior (Tri Kaya Parisuda):


  • To think good thoughts
  • To talk honestly
  • To do good deeds

Ritual Upacara (Rites of Passage) is divided into five areas of holy sacrifice (Panca Yadnya):


  • Dewa Yadnya - holy rituals for the Gods
  • Pitra Yadnya - holy rituals for the higher spirits, and rites of death
  • Rsi Yadnya - holy ritual for the holy Hindu prophets (resis)





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